#1,036 – Specifying Multiple Type Parameter Constraints

When you specify a constraint for a type parameter, you can specify multiple constraints for a particular type parameter.  The constraints are separated by commas.

In the example below, the type parameter T must be substituted with a type that implements both IBark and ICloneable and that also implements a parameterless constructor.

    // Type parameter T must specify a type that:
    //   Implements IBark
    //   Implements ICloneable
    //   Defines a parameterless constructor
    public class PileOf<T> where T : IBark, ICloneable, new()
    {
        private List<T> thePile = new List<T>();

        public PileOf()
        {
            // Start with default dog
            thePile.Add(new T());
        }

        public void Add(T thing)
        {
            // Store quieter version of loud dogs
            if (thing.BarkVolume > 9)
            {
                T quietGuy = (T)thing.Clone();
                quietGuy.BarkVolume = 1;
                thePile.Add(quietGuy);
            }
            else
                thePile.Add(thing);

            // Bark when added
            thePile[thePile.Count - 1].Bark("Woof");
        }
    }
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About Sean
Software developer in the Twin Cities area, passionate about software development and sailing.

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