#785 – The Singleton Pattern

Singleton is a design pattern that you can use when you have a situation where you want to limit a particular class to have at most one instance.

A singleton behaves similarly to a static class in C#, but has some advantages, in that it behaves as a traditional object.  (E.g. Can implement an interface, or be passed to a method).

Here’s a common (thread-safe) pattern for implementing a singleton in C#.

    public sealed class DogFactory
    {
        // Instance created when first referenced
        private static readonly DogFactory instance = new DogFactory();

        // Prevent early instantiation due to beforefieldinit flag
        static DogFactory() { }

        // Prevent instantiation
        private DogFactory() { }

        public static DogFactory Instance
        {
            get { return instance; }
        }

        // Actual methods go here, e.g.:
        public Dog CreateDog(string name)
        {
            return new Dog(name);
        }
    }

To use the singleton, you use the Instance property:

            Dog d = DogFactory.Instance.CreateDog("Bob");
Advertisements

About Sean
Software developer in the Twin Cities area, passionate about .NET technologies. Equally passionate about my own personal projects related to family history and preservation of family stories and photos.

5 Responses to #785 – The Singleton Pattern

  1. Pingback: #786 – A Lazier Singleton Pattern | 2,000 Things You Should Know About C#

  2. Pingback: #948 – Using Lazy to Implement the Singleton Pattern | 2,000 Things You Should Know About C#

  3. Pascal says:

    If a second line is added:
    Dog d2 = DogFactory.Instance.CreateDog(“Sam”);
    It creates a second dog, right? So what is the benefit please?

    • Sean says:

      You can create as many Dog instances as you like–that’s what the DogFactory class does. But you’re only allowed to create a single instance of the DogFactory–that’s the class that follows the singleton pattern.

  4. code2share says:

    Thanks,. how to handle multi threaded scenario, no need to lock it?

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: