#317 – Constants Can Be Class Members

You can declare constants within a method or within a class.

If a constant is declared in a class, it’s treated  implicitly as a static member of the class–specifically, a static field.  Because the constant’s value can’t change, and was initialized when the constant was declared, it is effectively static because there is only a single value.

In declaring the constant at the class level, you do not use the static keyword.

    public class Dog
        public const string Demeanor = "friendly";

Inside the class, you use the constant in the same way that you’d use a static field–referencing it by name.

        public void ShowDogInfo()
            Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}", Name);
            Console.WriteLine("Demeanor: {0}", Demeanor);

Outside of the class, you also use the constant like any other static class member, prefixing it with the name of the class.


About Sean
Software developer in the Twin Cities area, passionate about software development and sailing.

2 Responses to #317 – Constants Can Be Class Members

  1. Pingback: #318 – You Can’t Use the static Modifier On a Constant « 2,000 Things You Should Know About C#

  2. Pingback: #789 – Grouping Constants into Their Own Class | 2,000 Things You Should Know About C#

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