#294 – Make All Constructors Private to Prevent Object Creation

If you want to prevent code external to a class from creating instances of that class, you can make all of the constructors of the class private.

In the following example, we have a single Dog constructor, which is private.

        private Dog(string name, int age)
            Name = name;
            Age = age;

Because the constructor is private, code outside the Dog class cannot create a new instance of a Dog.

But we can have a static method in the Dog class that can create instances.  Because the code is defined inside the Dog class, it has access to the private constructor.

public class Dog
        // code omitted

        public static Dog MakeADog()
            // Use private constructor
            Dog nextDog = new Dog(nameList[nextDogIndex], ageList[nextDogIndex]);

            nextDogIndex = (nextDogIndex == (nameList.Length - 1)) ? 0 : nextDogIndex++;

            return nextDog;

Now if we want a new Dog instance, we can call the MakeADog method.