#281 – Declaring and Using Static Methods in a Class

A static method in a class is similar to an instance method, except that it acts upon the class’ static data–fields and properties–rather than on the instance data stored with a single instance of the class.

There is only one copy of each static data item, no matter how many instances of the class exist.

Here’s an example of defining a static method in a class.

        // Static property -- one value for all dogs
        public static string Creed { get; set; }

        // Static method acts on static data
        public static void RepeatYourCreed(int numRepeats)
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < numRepeats; i++)
                Console.WriteLine("My creed is: {0}", Creed);
        }

To call a static method, you just prefix the method with the name of the class (rather than with a reference to an instance of the class).

            // Set static property
            Dog.Creed = "We serve man";

            // Call static method
            Dog.RepeatYourCreed(3);
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